What is OSINT Framework?
OSINT Framework, as its name implies, is a cybersecurity framework, a collection of OSINT tools to make your intel and data collection tasks easier. This tool is mostly used by security researchers and penetration testers for digital footprinting, OSINT research, intelligence gathering, and reconnaissance. It provides a simple web-based interface that allows you to browse different OSINT tools filtered by categories.
It also provides an excellent classification of all existing intel sources, making it a great resource for knowing what infosec areas you are neglecting to explore, or what will be the next suggested OSINT steps for your investigation.
OSINT Framework is classified based on different topics and goals. This can be easily seen while taking a look at the OSINT tree available through the web interface.
OSINT Framework classification
When you immediately load the website https://www.osintframework.com you’ll notice the OSINT tree is before your eyes on the left side of your screen.
There are some highlights you should know; take a look at the following indicators on the right side, for some of the listed tools:
(T) – Indicates a link to a tool that must be installed and run locally
(D) – Google Dork (aka Google Hacking)
® – Requires registration
(M) – Indicates a URL that contains the search term and the URL itself must be edited manually
When you click any of the categories, such as Username, Email Address, or Domain Name, a lot of useful resources will appear on the screen, in the form of a sub-tree.
Searching for users, email addresses, IP addresses, or social network details becomes super easy as you have all the tools available in one single interface. It’s just like a giant OSINT bookmarks library.
For example, within the IP Address, specifically through the Protected by Cloud Services section, you will find links to Cloudflare Watch and CloudFail.
The same happens with other popular categories such as Email Address — Breach Data you will find many links to useful resources such as Have I been pwned? or DeHashed.
Data breach resources
We’ve written about port scanners before, also about Nmap commands the last time, but this framework offers a lot of alternatives for finding ways to scan ports, such as:
Social network data exploration is also available by offering access to a lot of tools, including LinkedIn, Reddit, Google+, Twitter, and Facebook.
Linkedin isn’t as exploited as a network when compared to Facebook or Twitter, and even in this case, this framework offers excellent tools like LinkedInt, ScrapedIn, and the IntelTechniques LinkedIn tool.
When it comes to Domain and DNS History, you’ll find a few tools in the PassiveDNS section, including our own SecurityTrails toolkit, Mnemonic, PTRarchive.com, and DNS Dumpster.
Another exciting category that caught our attention was “Vulnerabilities,” found within the Domain Names category, which offers access to a lot of good vulnerability and top CVE databases, such as:
- Mage Scan
- Sn1per (T)
Do you need to identify phone numbers? There are a lot of phone number tracking tools that allow you to identify an incoming call. These include:
- HLR Lookup Portal ®
- Data24-7 ®
- Next Caller ®
- CallerIDService.com ®
- Mr. Number (M)
- Free Carrier Lookup
- Phone Validator
- CallerID Test
You can even find a category dedicated to the Dark Web, classified in five subsections that include General Information, Dark Web Clients, Content Discovery, TOR Search and Directories.
Accessing Dark Web tools and popular sites using .onion with features like these only takes seconds:
- I2P Anonymous Network (T)
- Tor Download (T)
- Onion Investigator
- docker-onion-Nmap (T)
- Hunchly Hidden Services Report
- Tor Scan
Another useful category we found was one called “Code Search,” which will give you access to sites that are specialized in code search.
These sites can be used to search for lines of code on past and present projects, companies, online repositories, and much more. Some of the best we found include:
- Github-Dorks (T)
- Gitrob (T)
There is also a great section called “Archives,” which features links to popular sites and tools for retrieving historical information. The list includes popular options like:
- Waybackpack (T)
- Wayback Machine Chrome Extension
- Common Crawl
- Wayback Machine – Beta Search
- UK Web Archive
- Cached Pages
- Cached View
In that same category, a section called “Data Leaks” offers interesting leaks from critical data extracted and published on popular websites such as WikiLeaks or Cryptome.
On the lowest part of the OSINT Framework resource tree, you will find other tools that can help your investigation when no individuals are involved, such as OpSec, code analysis, malware identification, metadata analysis, etc. These include popular tools like:
- FOCA (T)
- Metagoofil (T)
- Pikker.ee Cuckoo Sandbox
- Joe File Analyzer
- Hybrid Analysis