One of the most critical phases of the intelligence process is the analysis of the information gathered. The analysis can highlight information gaps, weaknesses, and strengths and target ways in which we need to move forward. It can help to direct law enforcement in both short-term operational focuses and achieve long terms strategic goals.
There are two phases to the analytical process according to the UNDOC:
Data Integration – This is where the analyst will combine all of the various types of information from different sources. It will help the analyst establish a hypothesis, any weaknesses in the data and help to establish a plan going forward. During this phase, the analyst will continue to gather information.
Data Interpretation – In this phase we begin to interpret the data, which usually involves the use of charts, process flow, tables and maps which can be useful briefing aids.