For centralized currencies, virtual currency assets remain under the full control of the administrating authority. Therefore, seizure of these assets may be served upon legal companies in charge of asset administration, making it easier for law enforcement to seek and obtain compliance with their legitimate requests.

At the same time, there certainly are considerations as to the seizure of centralized currency items. Where systems such as WebMoney or now-defunct e-Gold process assets can be seized as virtual currency and converted into monetary value, computer game assets, such as upgrades to virtual characters’ clothing or battleships, would be very little actual value to law enforcement and the state. Therefore, a value-based recovery – that is, a method of confiscation that enables imposition of a pecuniary liability (such as a fine, usually in multiples of the profit or benefit derived from the crime), which is realizable against any asset of the individual – can be used instead to avoid these and other potential difficulties in the management of such assets.


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