Displacement

Distorts the currently selected background based on color or tonal data.

  • Type: Select the type of displacement to be used, from this menu.
    • From background: Uses the image beneath the selected layer as the source for generating the displacement.
    • From map: Uses an external image of your choice as the source for generating the displacement.
    • Select file: When Onto Map is selected, this property will appear, where you can choose an image to be used as the source of the displacement. Click the file icon at the right to open a file explorer window and choose an image.
  • Channel: Choose the channel of the source image that will be used to generate the distortion.
    • Luminance: Distorts the target layer based on the luminance channel of the selected image, which values of 0 in the luminance channel having no effect, and values of 255 having full effect.
    • Red: Distorts the target layer based on the red channel of the selected image, which values of 0 in the red channel having no effect, and values of 255 having full effect.
    • Green: Distorts the target layer based on the green channel of the selected image, which values of 0 in the green channel having no effect, and values of 255 having full effect.
    • Blue: Distorts the target layer based on the blue channel of the selected image, which values of 0 in the blue channel having no effect, and values of 255 having full effect.
    • Alpha: Distorts the target layer based on the alpha channel of the selected image, which values of 0 in the alpha channel having no effect, and values of 255 having full effect.
  • Contrast: Modifies the contrast of the source image, to manipulate the results of the distortion.
  • Smooth detail: Blurs the source image, to reduce the details used in the distortion.
  • View map: Shows the map being used to generate the displacement.
  • Shift X: Adjust the amount of distortion applied on the X (horizontal) axis.
  • Shift Y: Adjust the amount of distortion applied on the Y (vertical) axis.
  • Edges: Choose how the effect is handled around the edges of the image.
    • No Repeat: When the edge of the image are distorted out of place, the space at the edges remains empty.
    • Tile: When the edge of the image are distorted out of place, the space at the edges is filled with a repeated copy of the image.
    • Mirror: When the edge of the image are distorted out of place, the space at the edges is filled with a mirrored copy of the image.
  • Blend highlights: Increasing this value makes the highlights of the source image visible on the target image.
  • Blend shadows: Increasing this value makes the shadows of the source image visible on the target image.

Fractal Distortion

Fractal distortion creates fractal noise patterns, then uses displacement to apply the noise to your image, thereby warping and distorting it.

Basic Controls

  • Type: Each type uses a different fractal, to give a different appearance to the pattern.
    • Heat: Simulates the distortion of looking through a heat haze.
    • Smoke: Soft, billowing shapes like the texture of smoke.
    • Energy: A pattern of thin, energetic strings.
    • Fluid: Replicates a pattern similar to the caustics created by looking through a volume of water.
  • Distortion: Adjusts the intensity of the distortion applied to the layer.
  • Scale: Sets the overall scale of the distortion.
  • Rotation: Sets the angle in which the distortion is applied.

Diffusion

  • Amount: Adjusts the prevalence of areas which are blurred, or diffused, by the distortion.
  • Strength: Sets the strength of the blur in the areas affected by diffusion.

Noise Controls

  • Show noise: The final result of this effect is created by converting the noise it generates into distortion, and applying it to the image. Enable this option to view the noise directly.
  • Type: Each type uses a different fractal, to give a different appearance to the pattern.
    • Heat: Simulates the distortion of looking through a heat haze.
    • Smoke: Soft, billowing shapes like the texture of smoke.
    • Energy: A pattern of thin, energetic strings.
    • Fluid: Replicates a pattern similar to the caustics created by looking through a volume of water.
  • Scale: Adjusts the overall size of the noise pattern.
  • Single Axis: Enabling this option applies the distortion in a single direction. The specific angle used can be set with the Distortion Rotation setting above.
  • Randomize: Acts as a randomizer for the shape of the noise. Each seed value sets a unique starting shape for the procedurally generated noise.
  • Interpolation: Choose the method used to build the texture from the fractal geometry.
    • Block: Creates a square, pixelated appearance.
    • Linear: Applies more gradual transitions from one block to the next.
    • Cubic: More dramatic gradients completely obscure the block pattern to create organic shapes.
  • Position: Moves the origin point of the fractal pattern on the X (horizontal) and Y (vertical) axes. X values run from 0 on the left to 100 on the right. Y values run from 0 at the top to 100 at the bottom.
  • Rotation: Rotates the pattern around the origin point.
  • Stretch: Alters the width and height of the pattern independently, allowing you to stretch it into more linear patterns.

Noise Layers

The noise layer settings affect the additional iterations of the fractal which are used to break up the primary fractal and create the finer details.

  • Levels: Sets the number of iterations of noise which will be combined to create the noise map.
  • Influence: Adjusts the balance of the original fractal and the additional iterations. Values below 50% favor the original, and values above 50% favor the iterations.
  • Scale: Adjusts the size of the iterations, without altering the original.
  • Rotation: Rotates the iterations, without rotating the original.

Lens Distort

Simulates the spherical distortion created by camera lenses. In addition to creating distortion, this is useful for removing distortion from images, by counteracting any distortion caused by the physical lens used to capture the image.

  • Distortion: Adjusts the amount of rectilinear distortion applied to the image.
    • Negative values create barrel distortion by bringing in the corners of the image. The edges of the image will receive a convex curve.
    • Positive values create pincushion distortion, pinching the center of the image and adding a concave curve to the image edges.

Chromatic Aberration

Lens distortion often includes a subtle misalignment of the color channels in the image, a prismatic shift of certain colors near the edges of the lens. These controls adjust the relative position of colors in regard to the main image, either to simulate this effect or to counteract any aberration present in the original image. The degree to which the aberration is visible will also be affected by the amount of Distortion in effect.

  • Red: Adjusts the relative position of the red and cyan near the edges of the image.
  • Blue: Adjusts the relative position of the blue and yellow near the edges of the image.

Devignette

Counteracts any vignetting caused by the physical lens used to capture the image, to ensure an even exposure.

  • Amount: Adjusts the brightness of the devignette used to brighten the edges of the image.
  • Radius: Alters how much of the image edges are affected by the devignette.

Sharpness Fall-Off

Nearly all lenses are slightly sharper in the center of the lens than at the edges. You can simulate this fall-off of sharpness here.

  • Amount: Controls how much the sharpness is reduces at the image edges.
  • Radius: Alters how much of the image edges are affected by the reduction in sharpness.

Magnify

Magnify creates a lenticular warp distortion, altering the size of a circular area of the image. The size of the area, the amount of distortion, and the blending of the edges can all be customized.

  • Position: Adjusts the center of the Magnify distortion. You can move the position by editing the X and Y values, or by dragging the effect on the Canvas.
  • Size: Defines the size of the distortion area, which is indicated by the outer of the two solid circles on the canvas. You can edit the numeric values to change the size, or drag the circle on the canvas to adjust the size visually.
    • Control handles: The two controls handles on the viewer circle allow you to edit the horizontal and vertical sizes independently.
  • Zoom: Alters the amount of magnification applied by the effect. This can be edited on the viewer by dragging the dashed circle.
  • Bulge: Controls the amount of distortion applied within the effect. On the viewer, you can edit the bulge by dragging the inner solid circle. Positive values generate convex distortion, and negative values generate concave distortion.
  • Plateau: Increasing the plateau creates a flat area in the center of the effect where no distortion is present, and only zoom is applied.
  • Wrap: The Wrap setting determines how the edges are handled. when the Magnify position causes it to distort the edges of the image.
    • None: The edge remains unaffected, and the area outside of the image edge remains empty.
    • Tile: A duplicate of the image is used to fill the area beyond the image’s edge.
    • Reflect: A mirrored duplicate of the image is used to fill the area beyond the image’s edge. This gives a more seamless result than the tile option.

Quad Warp

Use quad warp when you need to reposition the corners of a layer individually, to alter its perspective or to alter the scale of its contents non-uniformly. The effect provides controls for each individual corner of the layer.

  • Top left: Defines the X (horizontal) and Y (vertical) positions of the top left corner of the layer. X values run from 0 on the left to 100 on the right. Y values run from 0 at the top to 100 at the bottom.
  • Top right: Defines the X (horizontal) and Y (vertical) positions of the top right corner of the layer. X values run from 0 on the left to 100 on the right. Y values run from 0 at the top to 100 at the bottom.
  • Bottom left: Defines the X (horizontal) and Y (vertical) positions of the bottom left corner of the layer. X values run from 0 on the left to 100 on the right. Y values run from 0 at the top to 100 at the bottom.
  • Bottom right: Defines the X (horizontal) and Y (vertical) positions of the bottom right corner of the layer. X values run from 0 on the left to 100 on the right. Y values run from 0 at the top to 100 at the bottom.

Viewer controls

The quad warp effect can also be controlled directly on the viewer, which in many cases is more intuitive and effective.

  • Corner handles: On the viewer, when the quad warp effect is selected, circular control points will appear at each corner of the layer, connected by dotted lines. Dragging the corner handles to reposition them directly controls the warp effect.
Last modified: Feb 16, 2021

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