Lesson 4 – 30 minutes

  • Understand the basic principles of resuscitation


  • Worksheet: DRSABCD.
  • Butchers paper and pens (optional).
  • Whiteboard and markers (optional).
  • Training manikin and cleaning supplies (enough for 1 between 4).


  • If you are not confident with the principles of resuscitation, bring in a qualified trainer or lifesaver to help deliver the lesson.


  • Give the participants a basic overview of DRSABCD.
  • Introduce the participants to the resuscitation training manikin (Little Annie)
  • Why do we use a training manikin? (to practice resuscitation).
  • Identify the different parts (chest, neck, head, removable face mask, lungs etc).


Demonstrate the two main parts of resuscitation practised on a manikin:

  • Breathing using the face mask
  • Compressions on the chest.

  • Make sure every participant has their own manikin mask and bag, or
  • Wash face masks in the recommended manner in between participants using them wash your hands before, during and after training sessions.


  • Discuss how to minimise the risk of cross-infection when sharing a manikin during training.

Activity 1

  • Break participants into groups of 3 or 4 and give each group a manikin.
  • Give the groups 10 minutes to take turns experiencing a manikin, they can try breathing and compressions or try to complete the whole DRSABCD procedure.


  • Finish the lesson by conducting a question and answer session if the participants have any questions on resuscitation.
  • Let the participants know that from the age of 10 they will be able to learn resuscitation and gain an award in it


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