Lesson 2 – 30 minutes

Learning outcomes

  • Identify natural and man-made objects in the beach environment
  • Recognise the environmental impact they can have on the beach


  • Before the lesson collect a container of seashore items (3 x man-made, 3 x natural items).
  • Plastic buckets/ice-cream containers (enough for 1 between 3).
  • Plastic rubbish bags.


  • Show participants the seashore items you have gathered from the beach.
  • Ask participants to identify which items are natural or man-made.
  • Discuss where the items may have come from and what happens to them as they move around in the water.
    • Part of a sea creature (i.e. crabs shell).
    • Begin to breakdown, become smoother.
    • Have other sea-creatures attach themselves (i.e. Barnacles)
    • Rubbish left behind by beach goers, dropped off boats etc.

Activity 1

  • Divide participants into small groups and give each group a bucket/container.
  • Ask the participants to collect 3 natural and 3 man-made items from the beach.
    Safety Tip: Warn the participants not to pick up sharp objects, animals or jellyfish.
  • After 5 minutes bring the participants together and sort items into two piles – natural and man-made
  • Discuss the natural items the participants have found:
    • Focus on obscure items (for fun).
    • Is this the end of the life of this item?
  • Shells can become homes for crabs so we shouldn’t take them from the beach.
  • Some items will break down and become part of nature’s cycle.
  • Discuss the man-made items the participants have found:
    • What harm can these objects have on marine animals (i.e. plastic bags, plastic rings choking fish etc).
    • What harm can these objects cause to beachgoers? (i.e. sharp objects can hurt people, etc.).
  • Talk about where their items should go.
    • Man-made: either in the rubbish bin or recycling – and then have the participants put them in the right place.
    • Natural: have the participants put them back where they belong on the beach.


  • Discuss other GOOD items on the beach.
    • Identify specifically: safety signs, flags, sunscreen, sunglasses, umbrellas etc.
    • Ask – why are these objects good to have on the beach? (keep us safe).
  • Finish the lesson by discussing the following question:
    What can we do while at the beach to reduce our environmental impact?


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