Lesson 5 – 45 minutes

Learning outcomes

  • Identify the principles of DRSABCD
  • Recognise and manage patients suffering from:
    • Cuts and abrasions
    • Bleeding from the nose
    • Sprained muscle ligaments
    • Sunburn


  • Whiteboard and markers (optional)
  • First Aid equipment
  • Butchers paper and markers (optional)
  • Any injury props (if available)


If you are not confident instructing the skills in this lesson, bring in a qualified trainer or lifesaver to help deliver the lesson.


  • Refresh the principles of DRSABCD


  • Discuss the need to protect yourself from cross-contamination when performing First Aid.

Activity 1

Discuss and demonstrate how to treat the following First Aid instances one at a time. After each demonstration, ask the participants to pair up and practice treating their partner.

  • Cuts and Abrasions (Clean/Control/Cover).
  • Bleeding from the nose (Head forward/squeeze nostrils for up to 10 minutes)
  • Sprained muscle ligaments, i.e. sprained ankle (R.I.C.E principle)
  • Sunburn (Rest/Cool/Fluid)

Activity 2

Split the participants into small groups and give each group a scenario to perform in a safe controlled environment.
Scenario 1: A beach user has tripped and fallen onto a piece of driftwood and cut their arm
Scenario 2: A beach user has presented themselves to you with a bleeding nose
Scenario 3: A swimmer exits the water and twists their ankle in a small hole
Scenario 4: A tourist has spent too long in the sun without sunscreen and has severe sunburn

  • Use props to simulate injuries and to make the scenarios more realistic and fun.
  • Set up simple scenarios.
  • Ask participants to demonstrate how they would react to such a scenario and what first aid action they would take.
  • Rotate the scenarios around the groups so all participants get a turn at practicing their skills.
  • Lifesavers could be used to help with scanning for rips.


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