Lesson 5 – 45 minutes
- Identify the principles of DRSABCD
- Recognise and manage patients suffering from:
- Cuts and abrasions
- Bleeding from the nose
- Sprained muscle ligaments
- Whiteboard and markers (optional)
- First Aid equipment
- Butchers paper and markers (optional)
- Any injury props (if available)
If you are not confident instructing the skills in this lesson, bring in a qualified trainer or lifesaver to help deliver the lesson.
- Refresh the principles of DRSABCD
- Discuss the need to protect yourself from cross-contamination when performing First Aid.
Discuss and demonstrate how to treat the following First Aid instances one at a time. After each demonstration, ask the participants to pair up and practice treating their partner.
- Cuts and Abrasions (Clean/Control/Cover).
- Bleeding from the nose (Head forward/squeeze nostrils for up to 10 minutes)
- Sprained muscle ligaments, i.e. sprained ankle (R.I.C.E principle)
- Sunburn (Rest/Cool/Fluid)
Split the participants into small groups and give each group a scenario to perform in a safe controlled environment.
Scenario 1: A beach user has tripped and fallen onto a piece of driftwood and cut their arm
Scenario 2: A beach user has presented themselves to you with a bleeding nose
Scenario 3: A swimmer exits the water and twists their ankle in a small hole
Scenario 4: A tourist has spent too long in the sun without sunscreen and has severe sunburn
- Use props to simulate injuries and to make the scenarios more realistic and fun.
- Set up simple scenarios.
- Ask participants to demonstrate how they would react to such a scenario and what first aid action they would take.
- Rotate the scenarios around the groups so all participants get a turn at practicing their skills.
- Lifesavers could be used to help with scanning for rips.